Diabetes care in central Virginia
Diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are too high, affecting your body's ability to produce or use insulin, a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. At Retreat Doctors' Hospital, we provide patients with quality education and treatment options to help patients maintain a healthy lifestyle and control their blood sugar levels.
You can speak to a nurse 24/7 to learn more about our services for diabetes. Call (804) 320-DOCS (3627).
Types of diabetes
At Retreat, we treat these types of diabetes:
- Prediabetes: Blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough for a type 2 diagnosis.
- Type 1: The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is created.
- Type 2: This occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin, allowing for sugar buildup in the blood.
- Gestational diabetes: A form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women. The hormones produced by the placenta block insulin, causing this type of diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes
Often, diabetes may show no symptoms. However, the most common symptoms that show up in both men and women are:
- Extreme fatigue
- Weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Excessive hunger or thirst
- Vision trouble
- Non-healing sores or wounds
To help manage diabetes symptoms, our team prioritizes education. We offer a diabetes educator to provide inpatient education for individuals with new-onset diabetes.
For type 1 diabetes, the main treatment is insulin. The most commonly used types of insulin are:
- Rapid-acting (begins to act within five to 15 minutes; overall duration of three to four hours)
- Short-acting (begins to act within 15 minutes; overall duration of three to five hours)
- Intermediate-acting (begins to act within one to two hours; duration 18 to 24 hours)
- Long-acting (begins to act within one to one and a half hours, duration up to 24 hours)
The type of insulin used depends on when and how long the insulin needs to perform.
Type 2 diabetes may be managed with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and a healthy diet, and if needed, insulin medication.